Lake Bogoria National Reserve

Lake Bogoria is an alkaline, saline water lake located in the northern region of the Kenyan Rift Valley at the foot of the high eastern wall (600mt) of Laikipia Escarpment, 25km south of Lake Baringo. During colonization the lake was known by the name of its discoverer, the Bishop of Kampala James Hannington.


It is the land of geysers, where hot steam and water gush from cracks and vents all around the edge of the lake with thermal springs that can reach a temperature of 50°C. The lake is shallow, about 12mt, rich in sodium, carbonate and bicarbonate ions, with a salinity about double that of sea water! The presence of masses of pink flamingos varies according to the alkalinity of the lake, consequently the greatest number of flamingos can migrate from one soda lake to another for a period of time.


This region is completely off the beaten path: the Bogoria conveys an incomparable scenery, the bluish hills, grasslands and river forests that frame the geysers, the pink of the flamingos on the lake, and further away the suggestive background of the Laikipia escarpment.


The water is highly saline and alkaline, also due to rapid evaporation and lack of outlets. For this reason, neither fish, nor crocodiles, nor hippos can live there. Instead, a type of seaweed thrives that attracts flocks of flamingos. The lakes of Nakuru and Bogoria compete for the population of pink birds, which, depending on the water level and the health of the crustacean faunas, prefer one or the other alternative.


There is also the fish eagle, which, in the absence of fish, has developed the unusual habit of eating flamingos and other large waders.
However, the Bogoria isn't just flamingos. Among the various mammals found here, wildlife enthusiasts will appreciate the incomparable value of being in the most accessible place in the whole country where they get the chance to see the greater kudu (one of the largest antelopes).